Sjøholmen and XY (magazine)

Sjøholmen is an area between Sandvika and Høvikodden in Bærum, Norway. Originally farmland, it was used as a residential property from 1898, and then for various municipal institutions since the 1970s. History

The area is located east of Sandvika, west of Høvikodden and southwest of the population centre Blommenholm. In medieval times, Sjøholmen belonged to the farm Blommenholm, which in turn was a part of the estate Nesøygodset. A cotter's farm was later established at Sjøholmen. From 1872, when the Drammen Line was opened through Bærum, the largely rural municipality went through a suburbanization process. Jurist Carl Herman Halvorsen bought Blommenholm in the same year, and from 1876 he partitioned and sold parcels, mostly to town dwellers. Halvorsen—who also served as mayor of Bærum—then sold the entire Blommenholm farm in 1898, except for Sjøholmen, where he moved into a newly erected Swiss-style villa.

Halvorsen moved to the city in 1907, but some years later Sjøholmen was bought by automobile designer Clarin Mustad. Under his ownership, the property was used for fruit cultivation and poultry breeding. A stable and a bathing hut were erected, and the villa was redesigned in 1920 by architect Arnstein Arneberg. Also, a part of the garden was used as a private graveyard.

After Clarin Mustad's death in 1948 the property was passed on to his son, before being bought by Fred. Olsen in 1970. It was bought by Bærum municipality shortly thereafter. The property now houses several municipal-run institutions: the extracurricular Municipal School of Music and Culture; the alternative school Sandviksbukta; as well as Sjøholmen Maritime Center, where primary school children are educated in proper conduct at sea. The maritime center also rents out of boats and canoes. The islands south of Sandvika, chiefly Borøya, are accessible by canoe. Transport

Sjøholmen is associated with boat transport, and the area is accessible by foot as a part of the so-called coastal pathway. Two parallel roads runs north of Sjøholmen, separating it from Blommenholm, namely the Norwegian National Road 164 and the European route E18 highway. Parts of the Sjøholmen property were consumed when the highway was built in 1963–1964.

In terms of public transport, Sjøholmen is served by the lines 151, 169 and 262 of the Ruter bus network; the proximate bus station is named Blommenholm. In addition, the town of Sandvika with its railway station is within walking distance.

XY (magazine) and Sjøholmen

XY was a gay male youth-oriented magazine published in the United States of America from 1996 to 2007. Its name was a reference to the XY chromosome pair found in males. XY magazine ceased publication in 2007, and its web site went offline in 2009. Much of the original staff went on to publish B Magazine.

Contents 1 Background 2 Special editions and other publications 2.1 XYFoto 2.1.1 Website 3 Reader demographic 4 Controversy 5 References 6 See also


XY was founded by Peter Ian Cummings in San Francisco in 1996, and moved its operations to San Diego, California in 2001, and West Hollywood, California in 2004. It published roughly four editions a year, with a sometimes erratic publishing schedule.

The magazine contained political and cultural articles, pictures, and submissions by readers. Featured comic series included as Tough Love by Abby Denson and Joe Boy by Joe Phillips.

From its inception in 1996 through 2007, 49 issues were published. In XY49 (the winter 2008 issue), founding editor Peter Ian Cummings announced that he would be leaving the magazine for personal reasons, and that he and his investors were looking for a new team to take it over.

When an exhaustive search produced no suitable buyers, the magazine remained in limbo until 2010, when Cummings filed for bankruptcy. During the bankruptcy proceedings, the Privacy Division of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), a Federal Regulatory Agency, ordered subscriber and profile data to be destroyed to protect users' privacy (more below). Special editions and other publications

As well as its regular issues, the magazine has published a series of specials: Two editions of the "Survival Guide" were produced. They were more serious than usual editions with articles on everything from coming out to age of consent laws to suicide. The cover was illustrated by Abby Denson. "The Best of XY" contained the best of the magazine's articles, as selected by editors, contributors, and readers. "XY: The Photos" contained the best photos from the magazine. "XY: The Photos 1996+2007" contained additional photos XYFoto

A bimonthly companion magazine XYFoto was launched in 2003 containing only photographs. This magazine was printed on matte paper and contains erotic but non-portographic images of young men. Most issues are centered on a different city or state. Eight issues were published, each by a different photographer, including Sean Bentz, Adam Raphael, Steven Underhill, Christopher Makos, James Patrick Dawson and Peter Ian Cummings. Website

XY operated the websites and, which featured magazine content as well as an online dating service "for young gay men". Reader demographic

When XY launched in 1996, according to the publisher, the average age of its readers was 22. This declined to 18 in 2001, a demographic shift largely attributable to an increase in under-18 readers, "because people were coming out at younger ages." Controversy

As a publication for young gay and bisexual men, XY has sometimes had a difficult time attracting advertisers, and often ran editorials on the topic.

Another controversy involved XY's longtime Managing Editor, Michael Glatze, who left the magazine in 2001, co-edited the XY Survival Guide in 2003, and in 2007 announced that he no longer identified as a homosexual, and denounced homosexuality. He is now a conservative Christian who opposes gay rights.

In July 2010, the Bureau of Consumer Protection of the Federal Trade Commission denied a request by XY's investors to obtain the customer database for the old XY magazine and profile files on the web site, which list about 100,000 and 1 million subscribers, respectively. Conforming with Cummings's and his staff's privacy policy of the magazine and site, which stated that they would "never sell its list to anybody", was found to take precedence over the desire of these investors to obtain the data for unspecified use. Many of those customers would still be underage and would not be out to their families yet, thus making their privacy of particular concern. As a result of this FTC warning, the names, addresses, and online profiles were ordered destroyed.
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