Werner R. Heymann and Angolans in Portugal

Werner R. Heymann (14 February 1896 – 30 May 1961) was a German composer active in Germany and in Hollywood.

Contents 1 Early life and education 2 Popular music and film 3 Later years 4 Selected filmography 5 References 6 External links

Early life and education

He was the younger of 4 boys born to a corn merchant. His older brother Walther Heymann who died young wrote expressionistic poems for the magazine Der Sturm published by Herwalth Walden. Werner was a child prodigy, starting to sit at the piano at age 3, receiving violin lessons at age 5, and writing his own compositions at age 8.

He became a member of the Philharmonic at age 12 and presented his first work for orchestra at age 16. His Spring Nocturne For Orchestra was based on one of his brother's texts. Although he had served in the Prussian Army during World War I, he later became involved with the postwar radical politics and pacifism of the Berlin scene.Moving to composing for the stage, he wrote the music for the Ernst Toller play Transformation Popular music and film

When the theater impresario Max Reinhardt opened the satirical cabaret Sound And Smoke he became, with Friedrich Hollaender, one of its two main pianists.Later the film producer Erich Pommer introduced him to the UFA studio, where he wrote music that accompanied over a dozen silents, including Faust by F.W. Murnau and Spies by Fritz Lang.

When sound came in, the songs he wrote for the then popular musicals became hits and are the work for which he is most well known today. Among these films is The Congress Dances, directed by Erik Charell with whom he would work again soon on Caravan in Hollywood, after he had to quickly leave his country, along with other artists, when the National Socialists took power in 1933.

The emigre German director Ernst Lubitsch got him to work on 5 of his classic American comedies.He also scored 2 films by another great comedy director, Preston Sturges Heymann was an Academy Award nominee four times in the early 1940s, Later years

After World War II, he returned to Germany where he wrote the music for a stage version of the classic film The Blue Angel in 1952, and was a member of the jury at the 10th Berlin International Film Festival.

His memoirs, recorded on tape during his last years, were published as an autobiography in Germany in 2001. He had once summed up his thoughts thus: "I love my wife, my child, the world, eating, drinking, smoking, driving. I love freedom. I hate dictatorship, godlessness, writing scores, wool next to my skin, and stones in my shoes. I hope for a United States of Europe." A documentary film about his career, So Wie Ein Wunder, featuring his daughter Elisabeth Trautwein, and directed by New German Cinema auteur Helma Sanders-Brahms, was shown on German television in 2012. Selected filmography The White Horse Inn (1926) The Brothers Schellenberg (1926) Napoléon (1927) Valencia (1927) The Last Waltz (1927) The Great Leap (1927) Spione (1928) Melody of the Heart (1929) Waltz of Love (1930) The Three from the Filling Station (1930) Der Kongreß tanzt (1931) Her Grace Commands (1931) I by Day, You by Night (1932) The Victor (1932) Adorable (1933) Early to Bed (1933) Caravan (1934) Angel (1937) Bluebeard's Eighth Wife (1938) Ninotchka (1939) The Shop Around the Corner (1940) She Knew All the Answers (1941) Bedtime Story (1941) That Uncertain Feeling (1941) The Wife Takes a Flyer (1942) Flight Lieutenant (1942) To Be or Not to Be (1942) Appointment in Berlin (1943) Hail the Conquering Hero (1944) Mademoiselle Fifi (1944) It's in the Bag! (1945) The Sin of Harold Diddlebock (1947) A Heidelberg Romance (1951) Alraune (1952) The Three from the Filling Station (1955)

Angolans in Portugal and Werner R. Heymann

Angolans in Portugal form the country's second-largest group of African migrants, after Cape Verdeans. As of 2006, official statistics showed 28,854 legal Angolan residents in Portugal. However, this number is likely an underestimate of the true size of the community, as it counts neither illegal migrants nor people of Angolan origin who hold Portuguese citizenship.

Contents 1 Migration history 2 Culture 3 References 3.1 Notes 3.2 Sources 4 Further reading

Migration history

Large-scale migratory flow from Angola to Portugal began in the 1970s, around the time of Angolan independence. However, this early flow consisted largely of retornados, white Portuguese born in Angola. The bulk of mixed-race or black African migrants came later. After the 2002 peace agreement which ended the Angolan Civil War, many Angolan migrants in Portugal returned to Angola. By 2003, statistics of the Angolan embassy in Portugal showed that between 8,000 and 10,000 had already returned, and that 400 people a week were flying from Portugal to the Angolan capital Luanda. However, statistics of the Instituto Nacional de Estatística showed that the population of Angolan legal residents did not decrease from 2001 to 2003, but instead grew by 12.6% (from 22,751 to 25,616 people). Culture

Angolan migrants in Portugal do not have a particularly homogeneous culture. However, two important elements of their self-described common identity are calor humano (human warmth) and convivência (living together), part of "African hospitality" and "African solidarity" which they feel is an important difference between Angolan and Portuguese social relations.

Angolan migrants in Portugal have had a significant influence on the popularisation of the kuduro musical style. Cinematic portrayals include Leonel Vieira's 1998 blockbuster Zona J.
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